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Bestands- und Ausstellungskataloge des Deutschen Spielkarten-Museums. Author: Deutsches Spielkarten-Museum. Publisher: Leinfelden-Echterdingen : Dt.
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Be the first. Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Linked Data More info about Linked Data. Ruimpf cards are believed to have originated in south Germany and destined for export to the Ore Mountains.
They were narrower than the almost square cards of the Ansbach pattern. The 36 card Bavarian Munich and Stralsund types , Franconian, and Salzburg or einfachdeutsche patterns are descended from the Old Bavarian pattern which itself goes back to the 15th-century Augsburg pattern.
Bavarian cards have an aspect ratio of roughly In the non-reversible Einfach pattern which used to be commonplace, various pictorial designs were used, especially on the pip cards.
These individual scenes are now only found on the Deuces also called Twos, Sows or, incorrectly, Aces. Since the s, Italian manufacturers have included 5s into their Salzburg decks to allow the German speaking South Tyroleans to play Italian card games that require 40 cards with suits they are more familiar with.
Salzburg decks also inherited the "Weli" from its extinct sibling, the Tyrolean pattern. The Bohemian or Prague pattern is also descended from the Old Bavarian but has only 32 cards like the northern ones.
The Salzburg and Bohemian patterns remain non-reversible and lack corner indices. Most games require only 32 cards by excluding the 6s such as Schafkopf.
Games that require the full deck include Jass and Bavarian Tarock. The Augsburg pattern was one of the two ancestors the other being the Ulm-Munich pattern of the present Bavarian pattern pack and appeared around The four kings sitting on thrones are each accompanied by two armed servants.
The Ober and Unter of Acorns were now each armed with a sword and parrying dagger. The Ober and Unter of Leaves now carried a drum and fife respectively; from now on the drummer and fifer became the distinguishing feature of the Bavarian pattern.
Obers and Unters of the same suit were armed, as in a fencing school, with the same weapons. In this period the number of cards was reduced from the former 48 the One — Ace — had already disappeared to 36 the Three, Four and Five were removed; the Two or Deuce already outranked the King by that time , probably due to paper shortages.
In the late 17th century, during the Turkish Wars, the Kings of Leaves and Acorns swapped their crowns for turbans. The Deuces depicted various scenes.
The Deuce of Leaves had a pyramid with a unicorn, deer and eagle; the Deuce of Acorns depicted Bacchus, the Deuce of Bells had a wild boar being attacked by a hunting dog and, on the Deuce of Hearts was usually a Cupid.
Around this pattern became widespread across the whole old Bavarian region. Smaller variations of this pattern became common in Congress Poland from In the newly formed Kingdom of Bavaria , the Old Bavarian pattern changed after into the Modern Bavarian pattern.
A vase now appears on the Deuce of Leaves and the King of Acorns was given a crown again, leaving the King of Leaves as the only 'oriental' figure.
The Ober of Heart has now exchanged his polearm for a sword on which he rests. The Ober and Unter of Acorns now only carry one weapon, however, Ober of Acorns also carries an oval shield.
Wüst", and manufactured around , is known today as the Munich type of the Bavarian pattern. It has been widely used thanks to its production by the playing-card manufacturers, F.
The Kings, Obers and Unters were dressed in fantasy uniforms in the style of historicism. Essential distinguishing features of this Stralsund type of the Bavarian pattern from its Munich type are:.
In the 20th century, the pip and court cards were gradually marked with indices and the misprinting of Deuces with the letter A , instead of the more accurate D , prevailed.
After the Second World War, the previously dominant non-reversible cards finally disappeared and were replaced by the reversible designs that are still widespread today.
Non-reversible versions are occasionally reprinted but for the interest of collectors as opposed for gaming. The Württemberg pattern was invented around by C.
Wüst and carries many unique features. Unters are journeymen. In the present, the cards are sold as a doubled pack of 48 cards 24 unique cards duplicated.
They used to be produced in 36 card packs with every card unique , like other southern patterns, to play Württembergischer Tarock. This was the original format but by it was restricted to the Palatinate where it died out.
The story, after all, was about a successful revolt against the Habsburgs. When Austrians began producing this deck, they changed two of the characters.
The Aces or Deuces depict the four seasons which are also somewhat different in the Austrian and Hungarian versions. The Slovak-Moravian version follows the Austrian version but doesn't label the characters or the seasons.
The Kings don't represent anyone in particular and are shown mounted on horses. Except for the Aces, all pip cards have Roman numerals.
The suit symbols are also slightly different, most notably the leaves are now half yellow and end with three tips.
They come in packs of 32, 33 with the Weli , or 36 cards. They are sometimes called "Swiss cards" due to the nationality of the characters but this pattern is not used in Switzerland.
Here are the differences between the current iterations of the Hungarian first given and Austrian versions:. After the unification and reunification of Germany , compromise decks were created to help players from around the country who were used to different suits.
The Skat Congress decks split cards diagonally with one half using the pattern with French suits and the other half using the pattern with German suits.
This is not unique to Germany as similar split decks are found in Austria, Switzerland and even France.
The Turnierbild pack was created for official Skat tournaments, using the French suited Berlin pattern but with German colours green Spades and yellow Diamonds.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Northern decks. Southern decks. William Tell deck Austrian version ; note the "Weli" on the 6 of Bells.
Altdeutsche Spielkarten Nuremberg: Germanischen Nationalmuseums. The Game of Tarot. London: Duckworth.
Schwerdterkarten Band vol 1. Berlin: Studien zur Spielkarte. Retrieved 27 Aug Andy's Playing Cards archived. Archived from the original on March 5,